Polarization Measurement and Analysis
Luna’s broad portfolio of advanced polarization test and measurement products can generate and control polarization, and measure and analyze all essential polarization related properties from optical materials, to components, to networks.
Optical components and systems can be sensitive to the state of polarization (SOP). For example an optical signal may be attenuated differently depending on its SOP. This is known as polarization dependent loss (PDL). A birefringent optical element will have different refractive indices for different polarizations, causing the light to travel at slightly different speeds, resulting in differential group delay (DGD). In a fiber, with varying birefringent sections along its length, this effect is known as polarization-mode dispersion (PMD).
State of polarization and Poincare Sphere Representation
The state of polarization of light is an important parameter of optical signals because it affects how the optical beam behaves when interacting with an optical medium or an optical element. Luna’s in-line polarimeter splits the passing light into four different beams without interrupting the optical signal as shown below:
Any SOP can be represented as a point on a sphere. This 3D representation of the state of polarization is referred to as Poincare Sphere representation. Luna’s polarimeter can display the real-time changes in polarization using PolaView as shown below:
Polarization Effects in Components and Networks
In fiber-optic communication systems, the presence of PDL and PMD from the fiber and optical components are sources of optical signal degradation that could result in incorrect data detection at the receiver. Therefore, wavelength-dependent measurements and characterization of polarization-related parameters are required for all the optics starting from transmitter, through the fiber network, and to the receiver.
Key Measurements for Optical Polarization Measurement
Luna solutions provide the advanced polarization related measurements for complete characterization of optical components including:
- State of Polarization (SOP)
- Degree of Polarization (DOP)
- Insertion loss (IL)
- Polarization-dependent loss (PDL)
- Polarization mode dispersion (PMD)
- Evolution of polarization states
- Polarization extinction ratio (PER)
- Jones Matrix elements
- Muller Matrix elements
- What is Polarizaton?
- Application Note for PDL Measurement
- Complete Characterization of Polarization Maintaining Fibers Using Distributed Polarization Analysis
- High Accuracy Polarization Measurements Using Binary Polarization Rotators
- Distributed Polarization X-Talk Measurement for the Production of Polarization-Maintaining Fiber Coils