Communications Test and Photonic Control

Polarization Testing and Analysis

Luna’s broad portfolio of advanced polarization testing and polarization measurement products can accurately measure and analyze all essential polarization related properties in optical materials, components and networks.

Optical components and systems can be sensitive to the state of polarization (SOP). For example an optical signal may be attenuated differently depending on its SOP. This is known as  polarization dependent loss (PDL). A birefringent optical element will have different refractive indices for different polarizations, causing the light to travel at slightly different speeds, resulting in differential group delay (DGD). In a fiber, with varying birefringent sections along its length, this effect is known as polarization-mode dispersion (PMD). 

State of Polarization and Poincare Sphere Representation

The state of polarization of light is an important parameter of optical signals because it affects how the optical beam behaves when interacting with an optical medium or an optical element. Luna’s in-line polarimeter splits the passing light into four different beams without interrupting the optical signal as shown below:

Stokes vector components

Any SOP can be represented as a point on a sphere. This 3D representation of the state of polarization is referred to as Poincare Sphere representation. Luna’s polarimeter can display the real-time changes in polarization using PolaView as shown below:  

Poincare Sphere Representation

Polarization Effects in Optical Materials Components and Networks

In fiber optic communication systems, the presence of PDL and PMD from the fiber and optical components are sources of optical signal degradation that could result in incorrect data detection at the receiver. Therefore, wavelength-dependent measurements and characterization of polarization-related parameters are required for all the optics starting from transmitter, through the fiber network, and to the receiver.

Key Measurements for Polarization Control

Luna solutions provide the advanced polarization related measurements for complete characterization of optical components including: 

  • State of Polarization (SOP)
  • Degree of Polarization (DOP)
  • Insertion loss (IL)
  • Polarization-dependent loss (PDL)
  • Polarization mode dispersion (PMD)
  • Evolution of polarization states
  • Polarization extinction ratio (PER)
  • Jones Matrix elements
  • Muller Matrix elements

Featured Products

Optical test products

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Optical Modules and Components


Optical Modules and Components

Luna offers a complete line of high performance active and passive fiber optic modules and components for a wide range of fiber optic systems, including interferometric systems for fiber optics sensing, fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT).